Fitness is the relative contribution of one genotype, relative to that of another. But how does one measure and quantify this? In fungi, a variety of measures (“fitness proxies”) are used. Growth rate of the mycelium is a popular one, because it can repeatedly and consistently be measured; but does it reflect fitness? In some species under laboratory circumstances it probably does, such as in for example in Aspergillus. In the lab, the growth rate of the mycelium reflects the spore production which is linearly correlated (Gifford & Schoustra 2013). But can this be generalized?